Blood - Reference Values

Reference values of selected blood parameters. In the last column “FIP”, the icons indicate the typical change of these parameters in FIP disease.

Low   decreased
Normal   normal
High   elevated

Chemistry panel

MethodParameterIn shortRef. rangeUnitsFIP
Total proteinTP57 - 95g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
AlbuminALB23 - 35g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
GlobulinsGLOB27 - 52g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ALB / GLBALB / GLB> 0,57Chemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Total bilirubinTBIL0,0 - 7,0μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alanine aminotransferaseALT (GPT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Aspartate aminotransferaseAST (GOT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alkaline phosphataseALP0,1 - 4,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Gamma-glutamyltransferaseGGT0,00 - 0,16μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
CreatinineCREAT50 - 170μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
UreaBUN5,0 - 11,3mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Inorganic phosphorusPHOS0,9 - 2,0mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ErythrocytesRBC4,9 - 9,8*1012/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
HematocritHCT (PCV)25 - 45%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
HemoglobinHGB79 - 148g / lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
PlateletsPLT178 - 357*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Leukocytes WBC6,8 - 16,5*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophilic granulocytes (abs)NEW (GR)3,6 - 12,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophil granulocytes (%)NEW (GR)60 - 78%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (abs)LYM1,0 - 6,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (%)LYM15 - 38%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (abs)MON0,0 - 0,6*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (%)MON0 - 4%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (abs)EOS0,0 - 0,9*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (%)EOS0 - 6%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Total proteinTP59 - 87g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (abs)ALB31 - 47g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (abs)α11,6 - 5,2g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (abs)α24,0 - 12,8g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (abs)β11,9 - 7,4g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (abs)β22,0 - 8,5g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (abs)γ3,6 - 16,9g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (%)ALB44,5 - 62,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (%)α12,2 - 7,6%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (%)α25,7 - 19,9%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (%)β12,8 - 11,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (%)β23,1 - 11,7%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (%)γ5,9 - 23,0%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
α1-acid glycoprotein (Orosomucoid)AGP≤ 480μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother
Serum Amyloid ASAA≤ 9μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother

Hematology

MethodParameterIn shortRef. rangeUnitsFIP
Total proteinTP57 - 95g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
AlbuminALB23 - 35g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
GlobulinsGLOB27 - 52g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ALB / GLBALB / GLB> 0,57Chemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Total bilirubinTBIL0,0 - 7,0μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alanine aminotransferaseALT (GPT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Aspartate aminotransferaseAST (GOT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alkaline phosphataseALP0,1 - 4,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Gamma-glutamyltransferaseGGT0,00 - 0,16μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
CreatinineCREAT50 - 170μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
UreaBUN5,0 - 11,3mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Inorganic phosphorusPHOS0,9 - 2,0mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ErythrocytesRBC4,9 - 9,8*1012/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
HematocritHCT (PCV)25 - 45%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
HemoglobinHGB79 - 148g / lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
PlateletsPLT178 - 357*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Leukocytes WBC6,8 - 16,5*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophilic granulocytes (abs)NEW (GR)3,6 - 12,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophil granulocytes (%)NEW (GR)60 - 78%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (abs)LYM1,0 - 6,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (%)LYM15 - 38%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (abs)MON0,0 - 0,6*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (%)MON0 - 4%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (abs)EOS0,0 - 0,9*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (%)EOS0 - 6%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Total proteinTP59 - 87g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (abs)ALB31 - 47g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (abs)α11,6 - 5,2g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (abs)α24,0 - 12,8g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (abs)β11,9 - 7,4g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (abs)β22,0 - 8,5g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (abs)γ3,6 - 16,9g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (%)ALB44,5 - 62,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (%)α12,2 - 7,6%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (%)α25,7 - 19,9%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (%)β12,8 - 11,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (%)β23,1 - 11,7%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (%)γ5,9 - 23,0%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
α1-acid glycoprotein (Orosomucoid)AGP≤ 480μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother
Serum Amyloid ASAA≤ 9μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother

Serum Protein Electrophoresis (SPEP) (Idexx)

MethodParameterIn shortRef. rangeUnitsFIP
Total proteinTP57 - 95g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
AlbuminALB23 - 35g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
GlobulinsGLOB27 - 52g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ALB / GLBALB / GLB> 0,57Chemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Total bilirubinTBIL0,0 - 7,0μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alanine aminotransferaseALT (GPT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Aspartate aminotransferaseAST (GOT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alkaline phosphataseALP0,1 - 4,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Gamma-glutamyltransferaseGGT0,00 - 0,16μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
CreatinineCREAT50 - 170μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
UreaBUN5,0 - 11,3mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Inorganic phosphorusPHOS0,9 - 2,0mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ErythrocytesRBC4,9 - 9,8*1012/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
HematocritHCT (PCV)25 - 45%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
HemoglobinHGB79 - 148g / lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
PlateletsPLT178 - 357*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Leukocytes WBC6,8 - 16,5*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophilic granulocytes (abs)NEW (GR)3,6 - 12,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophil granulocytes (%)NEW (GR)60 - 78%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (abs)LYM1,0 - 6,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (%)LYM15 - 38%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (abs)MON0,0 - 0,6*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (%)MON0 - 4%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (abs)EOS0,0 - 0,9*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (%)EOS0 - 6%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Total proteinTP59 - 87g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (abs)ALB31 - 47g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (abs)α11,6 - 5,2g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (abs)α24,0 - 12,8g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (abs)β11,9 - 7,4g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (abs)β22,0 - 8,5g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (abs)γ3,6 - 16,9g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (%)ALB44,5 - 62,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (%)α12,2 - 7,6%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (%)α25,7 - 19,9%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (%)β12,8 - 11,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (%)β23,1 - 11,7%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (%)γ5,9 - 23,0%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
α1-acid glycoprotein (Orosomucoid)AGP≤ 480μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother
Serum Amyloid ASAA≤ 9μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother

Other markers

MethodParameterIn shortRef. rangeUnitsFIP
Total proteinTP57 - 95g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
AlbuminALB23 - 35g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
GlobulinsGLOB27 - 52g / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ALB / GLBALB / GLB> 0,57Chemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Total bilirubinTBIL0,0 - 7,0μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alanine aminotransferaseALT (GPT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Aspartate aminotransferaseAST (GOT)0,1 - 1,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Alkaline phosphataseALP0,1 - 4,0μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Gamma-glutamyltransferaseGGT0,00 - 0,16μkat / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
CreatinineCREAT50 - 170μmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
UreaBUN5,0 - 11,3mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
Inorganic phosphorusPHOS0,9 - 2,0mmol / lChemistry panel Low Normal High vbio
ErythrocytesRBC4,9 - 9,8*1012/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
HematocritHCT (PCV)25 - 45%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
HemoglobinHGB79 - 148g / lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
PlateletsPLT178 - 357*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Leukocytes WBC6,8 - 16,5*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophilic granulocytes (abs)NEW (GR)3,6 - 12,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Neutrophil granulocytes (%)NEW (GR)60 - 78%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (abs)LYM1,0 - 6,0*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Lymphocytes (%)LYM15 - 38%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (abs)MON0,0 - 0,6*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Monocytes (%)MON0 - 4%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (abs)EOS0,0 - 0,9*109/ lHematology Low Normal High vhemo
Eosinophils (%)EOS0 - 6%Hematology Low Normal High vhemo
Total proteinTP59 - 87g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (abs)ALB31 - 47g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (abs)α11,6 - 5,2g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (abs)α24,0 - 12,8g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (abs)β11,9 - 7,4g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (abs)β22,0 - 8,5g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (abs)γ3,6 - 16,9g / lElectrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
Albumin (%)ALB44,5 - 62,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-1 globulin (%)α12,2 - 7,6%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
alpha-2 globulin (%)α25,7 - 19,9%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-1 globulin (%)β12,8 - 11,3%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
beta-2 globulin (%)β23,1 - 11,7%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
gamma globulin (%)γ5,9 - 23,0%Electrophoresis Low Normal High velfo
α1-acid glycoprotein (Orosomucoid)AGP≤ 480μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother
Serum Amyloid ASAA≤ 9μg / mlOthers Low Normal High vother
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